Class and Statutory News

MSC 98 - major outcomes of the 98th session of the IMO Maritime safety Committee (MSC)

06.28.17

The ninety-eighth session of the Maritime Safety Committee was held at the IMO Headquarters from 7 to 16 June 2017. Many amendments to mandatory instruments have been adopted. Related consequential amendments to non-mandatory instruments were approved and also numerous circulars. MSC 98 has also approved draft Assembly resolution on the code for the transport and handling of hazardous and noxious liquid substances in bulk on offshore support vessels (OSV chemical code).

Convention : 1988 LL PROTOCOL Load Lines, COLREG , HSC Code, IACS UR, IACS UI, IBC Code , IGC Code , MODU Code, OSV Chemical Code , POLAR Code International code of safety for ships operating in polar waters , SOLAS CH II-1 Machinery, Electricity, Stability, SOLAS CH II-2 Fire, SOLAS CH III Life-Saving Appliances, SOLAS CH IV Radiocommunications, SOLAS CH IX ISM Code, SOLAS CH V Safety of Navigation, SOLAS CH VI Cargoes, SOLAS CH VII Dangerous Goods, SPS Code Special Purpose Ships, STCW Crew & Watchkeeping

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MSC 98 - 7 to 16 June 2017 
insight of the major outcomes of the 98th session of the IMO Maritime safety Committee (MSC) 

Summary

The ninety-eighth session of the Maritime Safety Committee was held at the IMO Headquarters from 7 to 16 June 2017. 

Many amendments to mandatory instruments have been adopted. :

• SOLAS chapter II-1, chapter II-2, chapter III ; 
• IGF code chapter 11 ; 
• 1994 HSC code and 2000 HSC code chapters 8 ; 
• LSA Code chapter VI ; 
• IMSBC code.

Related consequential amendments to non-mandatory instruments were approved. 

Among the numerous circulars approved by MSC 98, some deserve particular attention :

• important steps for enhancing maritime cybersecurity have been reached through the approval of MSC-FAL.1/Circ.3 Guidelines on maritime cyber risk management and Resolution MSC.428(98) on maritime cyber risk management in Safety Management Systems ; 
• MSC.1/Circ.1574 on Interim guidelines for use of Fibre Reinforced Plastic (FRP) elements within ship structures.


MSC 98 has also approved draft Assembly resolution on the code for the transport and handling of hazardous and noxious liquid substances in bulk on offshore support vessels (OSV chemical code), for submission to Assembly 30 (November 2017), with a view to adoption. 


Agenda item 3 - Consideration and adoption of amendments to mandatory instruments 

3.1. Mandatory instruments 

MSC 98 was invited to consider, for adoption, draft amendments to chapters II-1, II-2, III and Appendix of SOLAS, 1974, as amended and to the IGF, 1994 HSC, 2000 HSC, LSA and IMSBC Codes. 

The following amendment should be deemed to have been accepted on 1 July 2019 and enter into force on 1 January 2020. 

Resolution MSC.421(98) Amendments to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as amended: 

Chapter II-1 - Construction – structure, subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations 
Regulation 2 – Definitions

Draught, trim, bulkhead deck

Regulation 4 – General 
Regulation 5 – Intact stability

Inclining test, lightweight survey,

Regulation 5-1 – Stability information to be supplied to the master

Curves or tables of minimum operational metacentric height (GM) and maximum permissible trim versus draught, corresponding curves or tables of the maximum allowable vertical centre of gravity (KG), maximum permissible trim versus draught

Regulation 6 – Required subdivision index R

For the carriage of less than 400 persons on board, R is constant at 0.722. 
For the carriage of 400 to 1,350 persons on board, R increases linearly to the R level that was approved by MSC 96. 
For the carriage of more than 1,350 persons on board, R is the same as approved by MSC 96.

Regulation 7 – Attained subdivision index A 
Regulation 7-1 – Calculation of the factor pi 
Regulation 7-2 – Calculation of the factor si

Amendment to the calculation

Regulation 8 – Special requirements concerning passenger ship stability 
Regulation 8-1 – System capabilities and operational information after a flooding casualty on passenger ships
Regulation 9 – Double bottoms in passenger ships and cargo ships other than tankers

Wells, withstanding bottom damages

Regulation 10 – Construction of watertight bulkheads 
Regulation 12 – Peak and machinery space bulkheads, shaft tunnels, etc.

The collision bulkhead may be pierced below the bulkhead deck of passenger ships and the freeboard deck of cargo ships by not more than one pipe for dealing with fluid in the forepeak tank 
For cargo ships, the pipe may be fitted with a butterfly valve suitably supported by a seat or flanges and capable of being operated from above the freeboard deck

Regulation 13 – Openings in watertight bulkheads below the bulkhead deck in passenger ships

trunkways or tunnels for access from crew accommodation to the machinery spaces, for piping, or for any other purpose through watertight bulkheads,

Regulation 15 – Openings in the shell plating below the bulkhead deck of passenger ships and the freeboard deck of cargo ships 
Regulation 16 – Construction and initial tests of watertight closures 
Regulation 16-1 – Construction and initial tests of watertight decks, trunks, etc. 
Regulation 17 – Internal watertight integrity of passenger ships above the bulkhead deck 
Regulation 19 – Damage control information 
Regulation 20 – Loading of ships 
Regulation 21 – Periodical operation and inspection of watertight doors, etc. in passenger ships 
Regulation 22 – Prevention and control of water ingress, etc.

3 A watertight door may be opened during navigation to permit the passage of passengers or crew, or when work in the immediate vicinity of the door necessitates it being opened. The door must be immediately closed when transit through the door is complete or when the task which necessitated it being open is finished. The Administration shall authorize such doors only after careful consideration of the impact on ship operations and survivability taking into account guidance issued by the Organization 1. A watertight door permitted to be opened during navigation shall be clearly indicated in the ship's stability information and shall always be ready to be immediately closed

Regulation 22-1 – Flooding detection systems for passenger ships carrying 36 or more persons constructed on or after 1 July 2010 
Regulation 23 – Special requirements for ro-ro passenger ships 
Regulation 24 – Additional requirements for prevention and control of water ingress, etc. in cargo ships 
Regulation 35-1 – Bilge pumping arrangements 

Owing these amendments, MSC 98 also adopted Res.MSC.429(98) – revised explanatory notes to the SOLAS chapter II-1 subdivision and damage stability regulations. 

Chapter II-2 – Construction – fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction 
Regulation 3 – Definitions

Regulation II-2/3.56 – Definitions: amends the definition of a vehicle carrier to be a cargo ship which only carries cargo in ro-ro or vehicle spaces, and which is designed for the carriage of unoccupied motor vehicles without cargo, as cargo.

Regulation 9 – Containment of fire

4.1.3.5 For ships carrying more than 36 passengers, windows facing survival craft, embarkation and assembly stations, external stairs and open decks used for escape routes, and windows situated below liferaft and escape slide embarkation areas shall have fire integrity as required in table 9.1. Where automatic dedicated sprinkler heads are provided for windows, "A-0" windows may be accepted as equivalent.

Regulation 20 – Protection of vehicle, special category and ro-ro spaces

On all ships, vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion may be carried in cargo spaces other than vehicle, special category or ro-ro spaces, provided that the vehicles do not use their own propulsion within the cargo spaces, that the cargo spaces are in compliance with the appropriate requirements of regulation 19 and that the vehicles are carried in accordance with the IMDG Code


Chapter III - Life-saving appliances and arrangements 
Regulation 1 – Application 
Regulation 30 – Drills 
Regulation 37 – Muster list and emergency instructions 

Appendix - certificates 
Record of equipment for passenger ship safety (form p) 
Record of equipment for cargo ship safety (form e) 
Record of equipment for cargo ship safety (form c) 

Resolution MSC.422(98) – amendment to the international code of safety for ships using gases or other low-flashpoint fuels (IGF code) 

Chapter 11 - fire safety 
11.3 regulations for fire protection

Owing the revision of the IGC Code adopted as MSC.411(97), the requirement for A-0 class divisions of boundaries, including navigation bridge windows above the navigation bridge deck, is removed.


Resolution MSC.423(98) – amendments to the international code of safety for high-speed craft, 1994 (1994 HSC code) 

Chapter 8,- Life-saving appliances and arrangements 
8.10 Survival craft and rescue boats

Exempting high-speed craft of less than 20 m in length from carrying a rescue boat 
the craft is arranged to allow a helpless person to be recovered from the water in a horizontal or near-horizontal body position, that the recovery of the helpless person can be observed from the navigating bridge, and that the craft is sufficiently manoeuvrable to close in and recover persons in the worst intended conditions."


Resolution MSC.424(98) – amendments to the international code of safety for high-speed craft, 2000 (2000 HSC code) 

Chapter 8,- Life-saving appliances and arrangements 
8.10 Survival craft and rescue boats

Exempting high-speed craft of less than 30 m in length from carrying a rescue boat 
the craft is arranged to allow a helpless person to be recovered from the water in a horizontal or near-horizontal body position, that the recovery of the helpless person can be observed from the navigating bridge, and that the craft is sufficiently manoeuvrable to close in and recover persons in the worst intended conditions."


Resolution MSC.425(98) – Amendments to the international life-saving appliance (LSA) code 

Chapter VI - Launching and embarkation appliances 
6.1 – Launching and embarkation appliances

following adoption of draft amendments to paragraphs 6.1.1.5 and 6.1.1.6 of the LSA Code, consistency to the static tests and their proof loads (Res.MSC 81(70))that launching appliances had to withstand


Resolution MSC.426(98) – amendments to the international maritime solid bulk cargoes (IMSBC) code 

The following amendment should be deemed to have been accepted on 1 July 2018 and enter into force on 1 January 2019. 

Governments may apply the amendments from 1 January 2018 on a voluntary basis :

draft amendments to paragraphs 4.5.1 and 4.5.2 of the IMSBC Code, highlighting the responsibility of the shipper for ensuring that a test to determine the transportable moisture limit (TML) of a solid bulk cargo is conducted 
amendments related to the classification and declaration of cargoes that will be identified as harmful to the marine environment (HME).


3.2. Consequential non- mandatory instruments 

Following non-mandatory texts were approved by MSC 98 : 

Resolution MSC.427(98) – amendments to the Revised recommendation on testing of life-saving appliances (resolution MSC.81(70), as amended) 

Alignment of the relevant provisions of the Revised recommendation on testing of life-saving appliances with the associated amendments to the LSA Code adopted by resolution MSC.425 (98). 

MSC.1/Circ.1564 - Revised guidance for watertight doors on passenger ships which may be opened during navigation 

Member States are invited to apply the annexed Revised guidance to passenger ships constructed on or after the date of entry into force of the associated amendments to SOLAS regulation II-1/22 (Resolution MSC.421(98)). 

MSC.1/Circ.1395/Rev.3 - Lists of solid bulk cargoes for which a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system may be exempted or for which a fixed gas fire-extinguishing system is ineffective 

This is a consequential amendment to MSC.1/Circ.1395/Rev.2, in relation to the draft amendments (04-17) to the IMSBC Code (MSC.426(98)). 

3.3. References to the footnote in amendments to part a of the 2008 IS code 

Having noted agreed that there should be no footnote in the certified true copy of amendments to mandatory instruments, MSC 98 agreed that the footnote to part A of the 2008 IS Code, adopted by resolutions MSC.413(97) and MSC.414(97) should be deleted. 

MSC 98 approved the draft Amendments to part A of the IS code, and associated draft MSC resolutions ((resolution under the 1974 SOLAS convention and resolution under the 1988 LL protocol), with a view to adoption at MSC 99. 


Agenda item 4 - Early implementation / application of IMO instruments 

MSC 97 was invited to consider matters related to early implementation of amendments to mandatory instruments. The Plenary tasked a dedicated Working Group (WG) to develop draft Guidelines on the voluntary early implementation of amendments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention and related mandatory instruments, and the associated draft MSC circular. 

Taking into account that MSC 97 reiterated the need to follow the four-year cycle of entry into force of amendments to SOLAS and related mandatory instruments (MSC.1/Circ.1481), the WG endorsed the view that voluntary early implementation should not be used on a regular basis but rather on very rare occasions. Any decision regarding an invitation on voluntary early implementation should be clearly recorded in the report of the Committee and, in case of a positive decision to do so, the Committee should issue an MSC circular inviting voluntary early implementation. 

The WG also agreed that the following text should be introduced in the Procedures for Port State Control, 2011 (resolution A.1052(27)):

"In relation to voluntary early implementation of amendments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention and/or related mandatory instruments, Parties should take into account the Guidelines on the voluntary early implementation of amendments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention and related mandatory instruments


MSC 98 approved MSC.1/Circ.1565 Guidelines on the voluntary early implementation of amendments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention and related mandatory instruments and endorsed the decision to amend the Procedures for Port State Control, 2011 (resolution A.1052(27)). It has instructed III 4 to add the reference to these guidelines in the existing list of instruments set out in appendix 18 to the Procedures. 

4.1. Approval non- mandatory instruments 

Approval of various circulars was put in abeyance by MSC 97 until decision of MSC 98 on early implementation. These circulars allow the voluntary early implementation of amendments to SOLAS and IGF and HSC codes which will enter into force 1 January 2020. 

MSC.1/Circ.1566 - Voluntary early implementation of amendments to SOLAS regulations II-2/1 and II-2/10, adopted by Res.MSC.409(97) 
Regulation 10 – paragraph 5.1.2.2 : in the case of domestic boilers of less than 175 kW, or boilers protected by fixed water-based local application fire-extinguishing systems as required by paragraph 5.6, an approved foam-type extinguisher of at least 135 l capacity is not required. 

MSC.1/Circ.1567 - Notification of amendments to SOLAS regulation II-1/12.5.1 (cf.item 3) 

MSC.1/Circ.1568 - Notification of an amendment to paragraph 11.3.2 of the IGF Code (cf.item 3) 

MSC.1/Circ.1569 - Notification of amendments to paragraphs 8.10.1.5 and 8.10.1.6 of the 1994 and 2000 HSC Codes (cf.item 3) 


Agenda item 5 - Measures to enhance maritime security 

MSC 96, having considered the urgent need to raise awareness on cyber risk threats and vulnerabilities, hadapproved MSC.1/Circ.1526 on Interim guidelines on maritime cyber risk management, with the understanding that the circular could be superseded in the future by a joint MSC/FAL circular once the work of FAL 41 on facilitation aspects was completed. 

Hence, MSC 98 has approved MSC-FAL.1/Circ.3 Guidelines on maritime cyber risk management

Noting that the MSC-FAL.1/Circular remained non-mandatory. MSC 98 further adopted Resolution MSC.428(98) on maritime cyber risk management in Safety Management Systems. 

This circular stress that cyber risks aboard vessels need to be accounted for in the same manner as other operational risks, namely through a Safety Management System (SMS) that meets the requirements of the ISM Code. Member States are encouraged to ensure that cyber risks are appropriately addressed in safety management systems no later than the first annual verification of the company's Document of Compliance after 1 January 2021. 


Agenda item 6 - Goal-based new ship construction standards 

MSC 98 was invited to consider the outcome of the final audit report for rectification of non-conformities and the proposal to reconsider the procedure for maintenance of verification of the GBS verification guidelines (resolution MSC.296(87)). 

6.1. GBS non-conformities verification audit report submitted by the audit team 

MSC 96 considered the final GBS verification audit reports delivered by the five audit teams established for this purpose, which included two common reports on IACS Common Packages (CP) 1 and 2, including IACS Common Structural Rules (CSR), and 12 individual reports of IACS member recognized organizations. MSC 96 confirmed that the information provided by the submitters demonstrated that their rules conform to the GBS Standards and agreed that six non-conformities (NC) identified were to be rectified. 

The final audit report was delivered to the Secretary-General by the audit team on 6 February 2017. 

MSC 98 has decided that the NCs must be considered as having been rectified. 

6.2. Maintenance of verification 

MSC 98 has confirmed that the current maintenance of verification concept does not need to be modified as it is in line with the underlying principles of the GBS verification audits. 

6.3. Amendments to parts A and B of the GBS Verification Guidelines (resolution MSC.296(87)) 

The revision of Part A – Verification process of the GBS Verification Guidelines was completed. Therefore, MSC 98 endorsed, in principle, draft part A, subject to editorial review. A text reflecting a three-year cycle for the maintenance of verification was drafted. Member States and international organizations may submit proposals to the Committee on this matter before the adoption of the draft Revised guidelines, tentatively scheduled at MSC 100. 

With regard to the inclusion of procedures addressing "follow-up of observations", MSC 98 agreed to the inclusion in the draft Revised guidelines of a new subsection, mainly aimed at addressing those cases where the observations reported do not necessarily lead to rule changes. 

Significant progresses have been also made on the preparation of draft amendments to Part B – Information/documentation requirements and evaluation criteria. 

The annual frequency of the maintenance of verification combined with a possible high volume of changes and a request for a new initial verification could constrain the available resources. Therefore, the timetable and schedule of activities for the implementation of the GBS verification scheme has been amended. 


Agenda item 7 - Carriage of cargoes and containers (report of the third session of the Sub-Committee) 

Sub-committee CCC 3 authorized E&T 26 to finalize the draft amendments to the IMSBC Code, for submission to MSC 98 with a view to adoption (cf.item 3.1). 

CCC 3 further instructed E&T 26 to prepare related recommendations and circulars for submission to MSC 98 for approval (MSC.1/Circ.1395/Rev.2), together with the adoption of amendments to the IMSBC Code (cf.item 3.2). 


Agenda item 8 - Pollution prevention and response (report of the fourth session of the Sub-Committee) 

MSC 98 approved, subject to concurrent approval by MEPC 71 :

· the draft amendments to the IBC Code on revised chapter 21, pending finalization of the revision of chapters 17 and 18 of the Code, for subsequent circulation of all three revised chapters and with a view to adoption ;

· the draft Assembly resolution on the code for the transport and handling of hazardous and noxious liquid substances in bulk on offshore support vessels (OSV chemical code), for submission to A 30 (November 2017), with a view to adoption.

 

  • Agenda item 9 - Human element, training and watchkeeping (report of the fourth session of the Sub-Committee) 

    MSC 98 has approved :

· MSC.1/Circ.1503/Rev.1 - ECDIS - Guidance for good practice ;

· MSC.1/Circ.738/Rev.2 - Guidelines for Dynamic Positioning system (DP) operator training ;

· STCW.6/Circ.13 - Amendments to part B of the Seafarers' Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Code, relating to section B-V/f on guidance on Dynamic Positioning system (DP) operator training ;

· STCW.7/Circ.24/Rev.1 - Guidance for Parties, Administrations, port State control authorities, recognized organizations and other relevant parties on the requirements under the STCW Convention, 1978, as amended, revoking MSC/Circ.1030 and MSC/Circ.1032 ;

· draft Guidelines for port State control officers on certification of seafarers, hours of rest and manningand referred the Guidelines to III 4 for inclusion in the ongoing work on the revision of resolution A.1052(27) on Procedures for port State control, 2011.

 

Agenda item 10 - Ship design and construction (report of the fourth session of the Sub-Committee) 

 

10.1. Adoption and approval of documents presented by SDC 4 

 

MSC 98 has adopted :

 

· the draft Revised Explanatory Notes to SOLAS chapter II-1 subdivision and damage stability regulations and the associated draft MSC resolution, in conjunction with the adoption of the draft amendments to SOLAS chapter II-1 subdivision and damage stability regulations.

    MSC 98 has approved : 

    · the draft amendments to SOLAS regulations II-1/1 and II-1/8-1 on computerized stability support for the master in case of flooding for existing passenger ships, with a view to adoption at MSC 99 ;

    · MSC.1/Circ.1570 - Amendments to section 3 of the Guidelines for damage control plans and information to the master (MSC.1/Circ.1245) ;

    · MSC.1/Circ.1571 - Unified interpretations of SOLAS chapter II-1, in conjunction with the approval of the draft Revised Explanatory Notes to SOLAS chapter II-1 subdivision and damage stability regulations ;

    · MSC.1/Circ.1572 - Unified interpretations of SOLAS chapters II-1 and XII, of the Technical provisions for means of access for inspections (resolution MSC.158(78)) and of the Performance standards for water level detectors on bulk carriers and single hold cargo ships other than bulk carriers (resolution MSC.188(79)) ;

    · MSC.1/Circ.1464/Rev.1/ Corr.2 - Unified interpretations of SOLAS chapters II-1 and XII, of the Technical provisions for means of access for inspections (resolution MSC.158(78)) and of the Performance standards for water level detectors on bulk carriers and single hold cargo ships other than bulk carriers (resolution MSC.188(79)) ;

    · MSC/Circ.686/Rev.1 - Guidelines on the means of access to structures for inspection and maintenance of oil tankers and bulk carriers (SOLAS regulation XI-1/2)

    · MSC.1/Circ.1573 - Unified interpretation of SOLAS regulations II-1/2.20 and II-2/3.21 (use of even-keel hydrostatics for determination of the regulatory deadweight to be entered on relevant statutory certificates) ;

     


       


    10.2. Interim guidelines for use of FRP elements within ship structures 

    MSC 98 has approved MSC.1/Circ.1574 on Interim guidelines for use of Fibre Reinforced Plastic (FRP) elements within ship structures: Fire safety issues

    These guidelines should be used as a supplement to the Guidelines for the approval of alternatives and equivalents as provided for in various IMO instruments (MSC.1/Circ.1455) and the Guidelines on alternative design and arrangements for fire safety (MSC.1/Circ.1002, as amended by MSC.1/Circ.1552) when approving FRP elements within ship structures. 

    MSC 98 endorsed the view that four years would be a suitable period for Administrations to gather experience in the application of the Interim guidelines, with a view to reviewing them. In this context, a paragraph inviting Member States and international organizations to submit information, observations, comments and recommendations based on the practical experience gained through the application of the Interim guidelines to the SDC Sub-Committee under the agenda item "Any other business", was included in MSC.1/Circ.1574. 

    10.3. Application of Polar code 

    The Polar Code entered into force for new ships on 1st of January 2017 and will be applicable to existing ships which intend to operate in Polar waters from 1 January 2018. The Polar Code does not apply to cargo ships between 300 gross tonnage and 500 gross tonnage, and fishing vessels and pleasure yachts have no basic international safety standards. 

    SDC 4 raised the question to decide when the development of the second phase of the Polar Code should begin. Some delegations suggested a possible approach for progression of the second phase of work, including a preliminary analysis of how this Code, as adopted by resolutions MSC.385(94) and MEPC.264(68), can be applied to non-SOLAS ships. 

    Taking into account the urgency of this issue, MSC 98 agreed to move this existing output from the post-biennial agenda of the Committee to its agenda for the 2018-2019 biennium and the provisional agenda of MSC 99, with a view to taking a policy decision regarding the scope of application of the second phase of the Polar Code, its mandatory or recommendatory status and types of vessels to be addressed. 


    Agenda item 11 – Navigation, communications, search and rescue (report of the fourth session of the NCSR Sub-Committee) 

    MSC 98 has adopted :


    • · Resolution MSC.430(98) – amendments to the revised performance standards for narrow-band direct-printing telegraph equipment for the reception of navigational and meteorological warnings and urgent information to ships (Navtex) (resolution MSC.148(77)) ;

      · Resolution MSC.431(98) – amendments to the revised performance standards for enhanced group call (egc) equipment (resolution MSC.306(87)) ;

      · Resolution MSC.432(98) – amendments to performance standards for multi-system shipborne radionavigation receivers (resolution MSC.401(95)) ;

      · Resolution MSC.434(98) – performance standards for a ship earth station for use in the GMDSS.



    MSC 98 has approved :


    • · MSC.1/Circ.1575 - Guidelines for shipborne Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) data processing ;

      · MSC.1/Circ.1576 - Unified interpretation of the provisions of SOLAS relating to the annual testing of the VDR, S-VDR, AIS and EPIRB ;

      · MSC.1/Circ.1577 - Unified interpretation on the application of COLREG with respect to the placement of sidelights ;

      · MSC.1/Circ.1460/Rev.2 - Guidance on the validity of radiocommunications equipment installed and used on ships.


    MSC 98 also approved, with a view to adoption at MSC 99, draft amendments to SOLAS chapter IV and appendix (certificates) to accommodate additional mobile satellite systems and the draft consequential amendments to codes HSC 1994, HSC 2000 and SPS


    Agenda item 12 – Ship systems and equipment - Report of the fourth session of the Sub-Committee 

    12.1. Draft functional requirements and the expected performance for SOLAS chapter III 

    MSC 98 had for its consideration the draft functional requirements and the expected performance for SOLAS chapter III, with a view to proceeding with their development for achieving a more quantifiable version that could contribute to the future development of the GBS-SLA. The workflow for their development, will provide the basis for developing functional requirements for SOLAS chapter II-1 (parts C, D and E). 

    Noting the principles related to "Functional requirements (tier II)" embodied in the Generic Guidelines for developing IMO goal-based standards (MSC.1/Circ. 1394/Rev.1) and that, in order to make best use of the expected performance of specific functional requirements within Tier III verification of conformity, it is necessary to have measurable criteria available, MSC 98 has instructed SSE 4 to describe the necessary function of the draft functional requirements for SOLAS chapter III (expected performance) in quantitative terms. Functional requirements ought to be formulated in a clear, unambiguous and objective manner and the expected performance should be expressed in as precise terms as possible, preferably quantitative. 

    MSC 98 also instructed SSE Sub-Committee to revise MSC.1/Circ.1394/Rev.1 at a future session, and to include guidance on how to develop the functional requirements of SOLAS chapter III once the Committee approves their quantified expected performance. 

    12.2. Further development of the draft Interim guidelines for development and application of IMO goal-based standards safety level approach 

    The close linkage between Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) and GBS-SLA is clearly visible by means of the references made in various places of the Interim Guidelines to the Revised guidelines for formal safety assessment (FSA) for use in the IMO rule-making process (MSC-MEPC/Circ.12/Rev.1). It is suggested to use hazard identification as the starting point for developing IMO instruments in accordance with GBS. Hazard identification is a "risk-based method" which is typically used in an FSA for identifying main risk contributors for further consideration. 

    MSC 98 had for its consideration document MSC 98/6/5 (Germany), providing a proposal for a new section 14 of the draft Interim guidelines for development and application of IMO goal-based standards safety level approach. 

    MSC 98 agreed to keep both the existing and the proposed section 14 in brackets within the draft interim Guidelines, and invited delegations to submit concrete GBS-SLA examples as well as comments on both options for section 14, with a view to further developing the draft interim Guidelines at MSC 99 for approval at a future session. 

    12.3. Amendments to the Code for the Construction and Equipment of Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, 2009 (2009 MODU Code) 

    MSC 98 has adopted Resolution MSC.435(98) – amendments to the Code for the construction and equipment of mobile offshore drilling units, 2009 (2009 MODU code). 

    12.4. Circulars and other documents approved 

    MSC 98 has approved :

    · MSC.1/Circ.1578 - Guidelines on safety during abandon ship drills using lifeboats (emanating from the adoption of the Requirements for maintenance, thorough examination, operational testing, overhaul and repair of lifeboats and rescue boats, launching appliances and release gear (resolution MSC.402(96));

    · MSC.1/Circ.1579 - Amendments to the guidelines for developing operation and maintenance manuals for lifeboat systems (MSC.1/Circ.1205)

    · MSC.1/Circ.1580 - Guidelines for vessels and units with Dynamic Positioning (DP) systems(will generally apply to vessels and units constructed on or after 16 June 2017 ; for existing vessels the Guidelines for vessels with dynamic positioning systems (MSC/Circ.645) would still be applicable) ;

    · MSC.1/Circ.1581 - Unified interpretations of SOLAS chapter II-2 (restrictions on which spaces can be located within the cargo area)

    · MSC.1/Circ.1582 - Unified interpretations of chapter 15 of the FSS Code (inert gas on tnakers)

    · MSC.1/Circ.1583 - Amendment to the unified interpretation of SOLAS regulation II-1/29 (MSC.1/Circ.1398)

    · MSC.1/Circ.1584 - Amendments to the guidelines for evaluation and replacement of lifeboat release and retrieval systems (MSC.1/Circ.1392)

    · draft assembly resolution on escape route signs and equipment location markings (with a view to subsequent adoption by A 30)


    MSC 98 has noted that SSE had endorsed the following draft corrigenda :

    · Corrigendum to the Unified interpretation of SOLAS chapter II-2 on the number and arrangement of portable fire extinguishers on board ships (MSC.1/Circ.1275) which has been issued as document MSC.1/Circ.1275/Corr.1

    · Corrigendum to the Requirements for maintenance, thorough examination, operational testing, overhaul and repair of lifeboats and rescue boats, launching appliances and release gear (resolution MSC.402(96)) which has been issued as document MSC 96/25/Add.1/Corr.1 ;

    Agenda item 14 – Formal safety assessment 

     

    MSC 97 noted that it might be necessary to consider amending the flow chart shown in figure 2 referred to in paragraph 27 of appendix 10 to the FSA Guidelines, with a view to aligning it with paragraph 26 of appendix 10 to the FSA Guidelines and annex 6 to the document on Organization and method of work of the Maritime Safety Committee and the Marine Environment Protection Committee and their subsidiary bodies (MSC-MEPC.1/Circ.5). 

      The Plenary agreed to the proposed amendment to flow chart. Hence, MSC 98 approved the draft MSC-MEPC circular on Revised guidelines for Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) for use in the IMO rule-making process (MSC-MEPC.2/Circ.12/Rev.2), subject to concurrent approval by MEPC 72. The provisions of the Revised FSA guidelines would be applicable with immediate effect. 


      Agenda item 17 – Implementation of instruments and related matters 

      17.1. Issuance of the Certificate of Fitness under the IBC, BCH, IGC, GC and EGC Codes - Secretariat 

      MEPC 70 seeking clarification on issues that had arisen since the implementation of the new format for the Certificate of Fitness (CoF) under the IBC, BCH, GC, IGC and EGC Codes, instructed the Secretariat to prepare, and for concurrent action, as appropriate, by MEPC 71 :

      · a draft joint MSC-MEPC circular addressing how CoFs are to be completed for ships that do not yet have to comply with the amendment requiring the provision of an approved stability instrument, along with the matter of the resolutions that have to be stated on page one of the CoF, for approval by MSC 98 ; 
      · draft amendments to the IBC, BCH, GC, IGC and EGC Codes for consideration by MSC 98 with a view to approval.


      Plenary did not rise any objection. Consequently, MSC 98 has approved the draft MSC-MEPC.5 circular on Guidance on completing the Certificate of Fitness under the IBC, BCH, IGC, GC and EGC Codes, and also the draft amendments to the Certificates of Fitness under the IBC, BCH, IGC, GC and EGC Codes

      MSC referred the above draft Guidance and the amendments to the IBC and BCH Codes to MEPC 71, for consideration with a view to concurrent approval, and with finally adoption at MSC 99. 


      Agenda item 20 - Work programme 

      MSC 98 agreed to include in the post-biennial agenda of MSC the following outputs :

      · "Regulatory scoping exercise for the use of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS)";

      · "Amendments to the CSS Code with regard to weather-dependent lashing" ;

      · "Revision of SOLAS chapters III and IV for Modernization of the GMDSS, including related and consequential amendments to other existing instruments" ;

      · "Development of guidelines for cold ironing of ships and of amendments to SOLAS chapters II -1 and II-2, if necessary" ;

      · "Development of guidelines for cold ironing of ships and of amendments to SOLAS chapters II- 1 and II-2, if necessary" ;

      · "Amendments to chapter 9 of the FSS Code for fault isolation requirements for cargo ships and passenger ship cabin balconies fitted with individually identifiable fire detector systems" ;

      · "Amendments to Guidelines for the approval of fixed dry chemical powder fire-extinguishing systems for the protection of ships carrying liquefied gases in bulk (MSC.1/Circ.1315)" ;

      · "Revision of SOLAS chapter III and the LSA Code to remove gaps, inconsistencies and ambiguities based on the safety objectives, functional requirements and expected performance for SOLAS chapter III.

      • Agenda item 21 – Any other business 

      •  


      21.1. safety concerns with regard to0.50% sulphur limit for fuel oil 

      A long discussion was held on the safety concerns with regard to achieving consistent, safe and effective implementation of the global 0.50% sulphur limit for fuel oil used on ships. 

      MEPC 70 requested PPR 4 to prepare a draft justification and scope for a new output on what additional measures may be developed to promote consistent implementation of the 0.50% global sulphur limit, for consideration at MEPC 71. 

      Emphasizing that the requirement in SOLAS chapter II-2 for the flashpoint of oil fuel remains at 60ºC for ships that do not comply with the IGF Code, MSC 98 has encouraged interested Member States and international organizations to submit proposals to the CCC Sub-Committee with a view to developing specific requirements for low-flashpoint oil fuel, within the context of the IGF Code only. 

      MSC 98 also invited MEPC 71, when considering the draft justification for the proposed output on "Consistent implementation of regulation 14.1.3 of MARPOL Annex VI" developed by PPR 4, to explicitly add, in the scope of the proposed output, considerations on the safety implications relating to the option of blending fuels in order to meet the 0.50% m/m sulphur limit. 

      It instructed PPR to report to MSC regarding any safety issues that may be identified with regard to low-sulphur oil fuel, subject to the aforementioned proposed output.